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3.8 Semantic ambiguity

Two types of ambiguity can be distinguished: static ambiguity and dynamic (e.g. time-related) ambiguity. The difference is determined whether that sentence is static or dynamic.

An example of static ambiguity:
• “Boston is a city in both the United States and the United Kingdom”.

An example of dynamic ambiguity:
• “Bush is inaugurated as (the) president of the United States.”, because George H. W. Bush was inaugurated in 1989, and his son George W. Bush was inaugurated in 2001, and re-inaugurated in 2005.

Thinknowlogy 2014r2

will be published in November 2014, and will add negative conclusions and extended family definition. See my planning for the other planned publications.

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All systems are designed: All artificial systems are designed by humans • All natural systems are designed by God.


God has designed laws of nature to make his creation run like clockwork. Also natural language is subject to laws of nature: natural laws of intelligence. And these natural laws of intelligence can be implemented in software.