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Block 1: Direct conversions

Definition 1:


“{proper noun 1} is a/an/the {singular noun} of {proper noun 2}”
equals to
“{proper noun 2} has a/an {singular noun}, called {proper noun 2}”


Examples:


Variables: proper noun 1 = “Paul”, proper noun 2 = “John”, singular noun = “son

> Given: “Paul is a son of John.”

• Generated conclusion:
< “John has a son, called Paul.”


Variables: proper noun 1 = “Anna”, proper noun 2 = “Laura”, singular noun = “daughter

> Given: “Anna has a daughter, called Laura.”

• Generated conclusion:
< “Laura is a daughter of Anna.”


Definition 2:


Every {singular noun 1} has a/an {singular noun 2}”
equals to
A/An {singular noun 2} is part of every {singular noun 1}”


Examples:


Variables: singular noun 1 = “car”, singular noun 2 = “engine

> Given: “Every car has an engine.”

• Generated conclusion:
< “An engine is part of every car.”


Variables: singular noun 1 = “sail”, singular noun 2 = “sailboat

> Given: “A sail is part of every sailboat.”

• Generated conclusion:
< “Every sailboat has a sail.”