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Block 2: Indirect conversions

Definition 3a:


Every {singular noun 1} has a/an {singular noun 2} and a/an {singular noun 3}”
from which can be concluded
A/An {singular noun 2} and a/an {singular noun 3} are part of every {singular noun 1}”


Example:


Variables: singular noun 1 = “family”, singular noun 2 = “parent”, singular noun 3 = “child

> Given: “Every family has a parent and a child.”

• Generated conclusion:
< “A parent and a child are part of every family.”


Definition 3b:


Every {singular noun 1} has a/an {singular noun 2} and a/an {singular noun 3}”
and
“{proper noun} is a/an {singular noun 2 or 3}”
from which can be concluded
“{proper noun} is part of a/an {singular noun 1}”


Definition 3c:


Every {singular noun 1} has a/an {singular noun 2} and a/an {singular noun 3}”
and
“{proper noun} is a/an {singular noun 2}”
from which can be assumed
“{proper noun} has probably a/an {singular noun 3}”


“{proper noun} is a/an {singular noun 3}”
from which can be assumed
“{proper noun} has probably a/an {singular noun 2}”


Examples:


Variables: proper noun = “Michael”, singular noun 2 = “parent”, singular noun 3 = “child

> Given: “Michael is a parent.”

• Generated conclusion:
< “Michael is part of a family.”                          (generated by definition 3b)

• Generated assumption:
< “Michael has probably a child.”                   (generated by definition 3c)


Variables: proper noun = “Adam”, singular noun 2 = “parent”, singular noun 3 = “child

> Given: “Adam is a child.”

• Generated conclusion:
< “Adam is part of a family.”                             (generated by definition 3b)

• Generated assumption:
< “Adam has probably a parent.”                   (generated by definition 3c)


Definition 3d:


Every {singular noun 1} has a/an {singular noun 2} and a/an {singular noun 3}”
and
“{proper noun} has a/an {singular noun 2 or 3}”
from which can be assumed
“{proper noun} is probably part of a/an {singular noun 1}”


Definition 3e:


Every {singular noun 1} has a/an {singular noun 2} and a/an {singular noun 3}”
and
“{proper noun} has a/an {singular noun 2}”
from which can be assumed
“{proper noun} is probably a/an {singular noun 3}”


“{proper noun} has a/an {singular noun 3}”
from which can be assumed
“{proper noun} is probably a/an {singular noun 2}”


Examples:


Variables: proper noun = “Peter”, singular noun 2 = “parent”, singular noun 3 = “child

> Given: “Peter has a parent.”

• Generated assumptions:
< “Peter is probably a child.”                           (generated by definition 3e)
< “Peter is probably part of a family.”             (generated by definition 3d)


Variables: proper noun = “Ronald”, singular noun 2 = “parent”, singular noun 3 = “child

> Given: “Ronald has a child.”

• Generated assumptions:
< “Ronald is probably a parent.”                    (generated by definition 3e)
< “Ronald is probably part of a family.”         (generated by definition 3d)