4.6. Complex systems
According to the theory of evolution, evolution leads to increasing complexity. But increasing complexity defies all rules of common sense:
• “The ability to simplify means to eliminate the unnecessary so that the necessary may speak” (Hans Hofmann);
• “Things should be as simple as possible, but no simpler” (Albert Einstein);
• “If you can't explain it simply, you don't understand it well enough” (Albert Einstein);
• “Any intelligent fool can make things bigger, more complex, and more violent. It takes a touch of genius – and a lot of courage – to move in the opposite direction” (Albert Einstein).
If an observer considers a system to be complex, it is the observer who lacks overview and knowledge. (Only if the observer considers the system unnecessarily complex, he/she has a better overview than the designer of that system.)
Natural language is considered to be a complex system, too complex to be processed by current techniques. However, an example like the Autonomous generation of questions doesn't exceed secondary school level. So, it must be a lack of overview and knowledge of scientists, by which they fail to understand the childishly simple meaning (intelligent function in language) of conjunction “or”.