AI and NLP – a fundamental approach
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• AI and NLP – a fundamental approach.pdf (date: November 25, 2014)
In 1853, mathematician George Boole published “An Investigation of the Laws of Thought”, in which he described a systematic relationship between language and logical thought. He described this relationship in the form of algebra, by which he considered the field to be a fundamental science. (A fundamental science investigates natural laws and logic.)
Around the year 1956, the field of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and knowledge technology was started. The field is considered a behavioral or cognitive science, which researches behavior.
However, there are a few reasons to believe that the current approach to AI and knowledge technology has a fundamental problem:
• Intelligence and language are natural phenomena. Natural phenomena obey laws of nature. And laws of nature are investigated by a fundamental science. However, the field AI and knowledge technology is considered a cognitive science;
• In addition, the field AI and knowledge technology still has no fundamental (natural) definition nearly 60 years after its start. It is possibly a consequence of the above, that the field is considered a cognitive science, rather than a fundamental science;
• A science integrates its disciplines. George Boole proved a systematic relationship between language and logical thought, while the current integration of both – language and logic – has remained at least underexposed: Reasoners (like Prolog) are able to reason, but their results – derived knowledge – can not be expressed in readable and automatically constructed sentences. Systems such as chatbots may well produce readable sentences, but they are unable to reason logically. Controlled Natural Language (CNL) systems are very limited in integrating both disciplines;
• I have applied the scientific method, which implementation resulted – in my opinion – in a higher degree of integration of both disciplines. Even more, not a single technique in the field of AI and knowledge technology proved to be useful to the implementation.
What if George Boole was right? What if intelligence can be defined by laws of nature? What if language appears to obey natural laws of intelligence? Wouldn't such a fundamental approach speedup progress in the field of AI and knowledge technology?