4.5. Self-organizing systems
According to the theory of evolution, evolution has self-organizing properties. Therefore, evolutionists sometimes call an intelligently designed system: self-organizing. A contradiction in terms.
Prefix “self” in “self-organizing” deeply refers to the natural origin of the observed system: “organizing by nature”. So, if an artificial system is able to organize, it only deserves prefix “self” if it implements the involved laws of nature. Otherwise, the organizing capabilities of that system are designed and implemented by humans (intelligent design). Such a system is “programmed to organize”. It is not “self-organizing” (organizing by nature).
In order to find the laws in nature involved with organization, we should define intelligence in a unifying, fundamental (=natural) and deterministic (=implementable) way. Because intelligence is synonym to self-organization.
Nevertheless, let's put some topics to the test:
• Genetic algorithms are certainly not self-organizing. In contrary, these algorithms are designed to search in an unorganized way: at random. So, genetic algorithms have nothing to do with intelligence;
• Evolutionary algorithms are not self-organizing, because they are designed to find an optimum value. They don't implement the laws of nature involved with intelligence, like grouping, separating and archiving;
• A human-selected test set (ANN) or human-designed algorithm (DNN) is required for Artificial / Deep-learning Neural Networks to recognize patterns, by which humans are the intelligent factor, not the ANN / DNN itself. So, also an ANN / DNN isn't a self-organizing system;
• Fractals are static algorithms, delivering the same pattern every time. They have none of the active capabilities of intelligence. So, fractals are certainly not self-organizing self-organizing, and have therefore nothing to do with intelligence;
• Also the forming of ice crystals and ice crystal patterns is passive: The involved water molecules just obey the laws of physics, without showing any active capability. So, ice crystals have no self-organizing capabilities;
• Speech detection (from speech to written text) maps an input pattern to a defined output pattern (character or word). Mapping is a one-on-one peer connection. It isn't grouping, nor separating. So, speech detection has nothing to do with intelligence;
• Artificial Life simulations and swarm robots show the behavior of living creatures. But the conditions are programmed upfront. To illustrate: A flight simulator simulates the behavior of flight, without being able to fly. Adding random, doesn't provide Artificial Life simulations any of the active capabilities of intelligence. It is just another variety on the same theme.
Improvement requires natural intelligence, while none of the above implements self-organizing capabilities. Neither do genes themselves have self-organizing capabilities. Let alone: self-improving capabilities. They must have been organized by an intelligent being.