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2.1.3.3 Assignments and grammatical Past Tense

When the assignment has changed, in linguistics we name the former situation: Past Tense.

Sometime in the past the situation of the glass was: “The glass is half full.”, but the glass has been drunken empty and now we say:
• “The glass was half full.
• “The glass is (now) empty.

Sometime in the past the situation was: “Bush is the president of the United States of America.”; but the situation has been changed since the elections to:

• “Bush is the previous president of the United States of America.” or “Bush was the president of the United States of America.
• “Obama is the (current) president of the United States of America.